Magento 2 used following cache mechanism
- Block HTML output
- Collection Data
- Entity Attribute Value (EAV)
- Page Cache
- Integration Configuration
- Integration API configuration
- Web services configuration
How To Clear The Cache:
Basic method to clear the cache is using system cache. To access the Cache, you will need to login to your admin dashboard and navigate to the System>Cache Management section.
To flush the entire Magento 2 cache, simply click on the big orange button titled Flush Magento Cache.
To clear a specific cache, you need select that one and submit it.
To clear the additional cache like following there is more options as following.
Command usage for clear the cache
php bin/magento cache clear [type]
php bin/magento cache flush[type]